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Envoy is a magnificent example of the legendary Nordhavn 46 motor yacht. Bold in her distinctive design, she offers the ultimate in secure and comfortable cruising for a vessel of this size range. With two double cabins, each with an en-suite bathroom, a well-equipped galley and expansive, sun-drenched deck areas, she offers a cruising experience that will absolutely delight you and your guests.
- Envoy is in superb condition, having been meticulously maintained by all previous owners
- Her elegant and distinctive appearance makes her a talking point wherever she goes
- She is currently located in the exotic Greek Islands
- Included with the boat is literally everything you need to start cruising, from all the navigational equipment, tools and spare parts, through to the bedding, crockery, cutlery, glassware and all kitchen equipment etc… all you need to do is step aboard with your bags of groceries and set off on your journey
- Detailed, accurate and up-to-date technical manuals included, as well as after-sales technical support if required
Envoy cruising in Greece. The starboard stabiliser pole has been deployed to set a flopper stopper when anchoring. Hydraulic stabilisers provide excellent stability under way
Envoy’s systems are in excellent working condition and she is completely set up and ready to continue cruising the Med or beyond. We will provide full on-board instruction regarding Envoy’s operation and maintenance as well as after sales technical support if required.
- Builder: Pacific Asian Enterprises / Nordhavn
- Designer: Jeff Leishman
- Hull Identification Number (HIN): PAI46019K090
- Year Built as per HIN: 1990
- Year Sold: 1991 Model Year
- Registration Number / Port: NZ1315 / Auckland
- Radio Call Sign: ZMA 2040
- MMSI Number: 512 030 000
- LOA: 13.95m
- LWL: 11.68m
- Beam: 4.7m
- Draft: 1.52m
- Displacement: 28.12 tonne
- Cruising Speed: 7.4 knots
- Range: 2,800nm
- Colour: Light grey hull, white topsides. Complete hull and some of topsides repainted mid-2017
- Hull: Moulded Solid GRP
- Topsides: Moulded GRP with stainless steel framed windows
- Hull Type: Full displacement – D/L 383, Cp 0.63, A/B Ratio 2.3:1
- Frames: Partitions, bulkheads and longitudinal stringers
- Deck Beams: Moulded GRP
- Decks: Moulded GRP with wood core
- Ballast: 4,800lb in keel
This photo shows the upper deck where the larger RHIB is stored under its cover on its cradle. Note the weatherproof deck storage box. You can also see the boom with its two winches used to lift the RHIBs. Foreground left is one of the stabiliser paravanes in its storage rack
- Type: Lugger L6414D-KC-BW72, 143hp (107Kw), 6 cylinder diesel, 7,428 hours. Recommended RPM: Idle: 650, Cruise: 1700
- Cooling System: Fresh water through Walter keel cooler
- Alternator: Balmar 9435 160 amp
- Primary Fuel Filtration: Dual, interchangeable Racor 75/900FG with manifold vacuum gauge and water alarm in PilotHouse
- Transmission: Borg Warner Velvet Drive Model 10.18.012 (72 Series), ratio 2.91:1
- Throttle and Clutch Controls: Morse cable (2016)
- Propeller Shaft: 50mm Stainless steel stub shaft (2010)
- Shaft Log Type: Fibreglass stern tube and flex hose (2001)
- Bearing Material: Bronze (2001)
- Stuffing Box Seal: Silicone impregnated stuffing
- Bearings: Rubber Cutless (2010)
- Main Propeller: Bronze four blade 30 x 19 plus spare three blade
- Type: Yanmar 3GM30FV 25hp diesel, 801 hours, mounted on GRP stringers
- Cooling System: Fresh water heat exchanger
- Fuel Filters: Primary – Racor, Secondary – Yanmar
- Alternator: Balmar 100 amp
- Transmission: Kanzaki vee drive Model KM3V, ratio 3.20:1
- Throttle and Clutch Controls: Morse cable
- Propeller Shaft: New in 2001, reconditioned 2013
- Shaft Log Type: Fibreglass stem tube and flex hose (2001)
- Bearing Material: Bronze (2001)
- Stuffing Box Seal: Volvo Deep Seal 32mm (2011)
- Bearings: Rubber Cutless (2010)
- Propeller: Max Prop folding
- Exhaust Silencer: GRP
- Manufacturer: Northern Lights in sound shield, 4,683 hours, Model Number: M753-811
- Number of Cylinders: 3
- Engine Cooling System: Fresh water heat exchanger
- Type of Fuel Filters: Primary – Racor 500G. Secondary – Northern Lights
- Fuel Usage: About 2.9L/hr
- Exhaust Line: Cast riser, to hose, to lift style muffler, to hose, to through hull.
- Stainless steel exhaust elbow and GRP exhaust silencer, seawater cooled
- Kilowatt: 8
- Voltage: 120/240, 60Hz
- Phase: Single
- Inverter: Xantrex 3Kw, 110V
- Engine Room Blowers: Two 12V forced-air Dayton 2C 646
- Water Heater: Seaward S1100 electric and engine driven 11gal (2004), 1500W, 120V, ignition protected
- Water Maker: HRO Seafari Model 740-2 SFM 31gal/hr, installed 2003, modified 2012
- Oil Change System: Groco BMX3-60 Oil Change System with 12V pump servicing Lugger, Wing Engine and Genset through a three way manifold (2003)
- Fuel Primer System: 12V Walboro pump for Lugger, Wing Engine and Genset (2003)
- Fuel Polishing System: Two 12V pumps: one high speed Groco SPO-60-R (2010) and one slow speed Walboro (2003). Uses Racor 900MA filter and De-Bug L1000
- Aircon Manufacturer: Marine Air Systems with a forward system (2004)and an amidships system
- Battery Charger (12 volt): Charles 50/60Hz charges both house and engine start banks through a combiner
- Battery Charger (24 volt): Dedicated Mastervolt charger (2003) for the 24V bow thruster in chain locker along with two Deka 8A4-DDM deep cycle AGM Batteries (2016), 210AH powering the bow thruster
- Engine Start Batteries: Two 12V (2017) in parallel for a 12V system starts all engines
- House Batteries: Six Deka 8AGC2 AGM 6V deep cycle batteries Three sets of two 6V batteries are wired in series, then the three resulting 12V banks (each 220Ah) are wired in parallel for 660Ah
- Isolation of Batteries: All three banks have isolation switches
- Lighting Voltage: All 12V DC except one 120V AC in PilotHouse
- Wiring Protection: Circuit breakers and fuses.
- Electrolysis Protection: Bonding system and isolation transformer
- Grounded: Negative
- Deck Hardware: Stainless
- Hand Rails: Stainless
- Stanchions: Stainless
- Grab Rails: Stainless
- Anchor Roller: Integrated stainless with teflon rollers
- Boarding Gates: Port and starboard in cockpit
- Swim Ladder: Stainless and teak mounting to starboard
- Signal mast / Boom / Yardarm: Forespar aluminium
- Stabilizers (active): Naiad MultiSea II (2004)
- Stabilisers (passive): Custom aluminium boom and Forespar spars with galvanised and painted paravane stabilisers (“Birds”). Stainless steel Flopper Stoppers attach for stability at anchor
- Bow Thruster: Wesmar Model T12/10 24V, 12hp with bronze 3-bladed 10 x 10.75inch propeller
- Anchor Windlass: Maxwell 2200 vertical wildcat / capstan driven, 9m/min, rated 1,000kg, 1200W, !2V motor (new 2013) driven from house battery bank
- Ground Tackle: 88lbs Delta Setfast Anchor attached to approx 400ft (122m) of 3/8inch BBB galvanised chain. Spares – 60 lb Plow style anchor stored in bottom of chain locker, 60lb Danforth style stored on boat deck, Fortress FX-37 stored on boat deck
- Boom Winch: The Nautica RHIB is launched and retrieved using the boom on the mast and two Rule 3300R electric winches (2002) controlled by an Imtra 4-position wired remote control (2002) or a wireless remote control (2005) also used for raising/lowering the passarelle and lifting the RHIBs behind the transom.
- Steering Gear: Single station hydraulic HyDrive
- Windscreen Wipers: two on forward facing PilotHouse windows
- Power outlets: Throughout the vessel are 120V (USA style) , 220V (European style) and 12V outlets. The 120V outlets are fed by generator or inverter. The 220V outlets are fed from shorepower
- Cooling Fans: In saloon, both sleeping cabins, Pilothouse, main head
Photo shows pilothouse looking to port. Navigation computer and screen is centre right and the circuit breaker panel is lower right
This photo looks aft in the pilothouse. The settee converts into an additional single berth
- Model: 1999 3.7m Nautica DeLuxe
- Outboard Motor: 1999 25hp Yamaha 4-stroke with power tilt and trim
- Accessories: ICOM VHF radio & antenna, Hummingbird depth sounder with removable display, navigation lights, bilge pump, air pump, tachometer, speedometer, two anchors with warps, paddles, fenders, chaps (new 2017), 12V power outlet, integral 22gal petrol tank
2. Valiant (small RHIB) – normally stored Aft of transom supported by boom
- Model: 2010 2.7m Valiant Dynamic
- Outboard Motor: 2007 2.3hp Honda 4-stroke, air cooled
- Accessories: Oars, pump, repair kit, spare fuel tank
- Compass: Ritchie Power Damp
- Wind Indicator: B&G Network (2003). Also reads house bank voltage
- Digital Hand-Held Wind Indicator: Smart Sensor Model AR816
- Weatherfax: Furuno DFAX model 207 (2001). No longer used as replaced by internet forecasts
- NavTex l: ICS Receiver Model: NAV 4 printing NavTex connected to GPS signal
- NavTex 2: Furuno NX-300 (2006) LCD display NavTex connected to GPS signal
- Barometer: 4½ inch Weems and Plath in PilotHouse.
- Ships Clock: 4½ inch Weems and Plath
- Barometer and clock also in Saloon and Master Cabin
- GPS: Raytheon RayNav 300 (2003)
- Garmin GPS I2XL (2002)
- Northstar 951X Model No 1500-A
- Main Navigation Computer: Toshiba Satellite A35 Laptop with MaxSea C-Map V10.1.3.2 and navigation software. Samsung SyncMaster 150MP flat screen
- Backup Navigation Computer: Compaq Presario Laptop Model 12XL300 in 1200 series (about 2001) with Windows ME and same navigation software as above
- Auto Pilot 1: Robertson AP200DL with Simrad RF45X sender (new 2107)
- Auto Pilot2: SimRad AP 21 (2004) with RF300S sender. NOTE: each autopilot has its own hydraulic pump, compass, rudder indicator and control head. They are independent units with made from an electrical switch behind the breaker panel
- Rudder Angle Indicator: Robertson RI101
- Speed Log: BandG Network (2003)
- Distance Log: BandG Network (2003)
- Radar: Raytheon R41X Open array 48 mile antenna linked to GPS
- Raytheon RL9 closed array 16 mile antenna linked to GPS
- Depth Sounder 1: Interphase Probe forward searching sonar (2002)
- Depth Sounder 2: BandG Network Digital (2002)
- Sat Phone: Iridium Motorola 9505 (2004). Probably needs replacing as old technology
- Radios: Main – ICOM M602 DSC VHF (2003)
- Shakespeare Galaxy 23 ft VHF antenna (2003)
- Secondary – ICOM IC-M56 VHF
- Shakespeare 3db antenna on masthead (2003)
- ICOM IC-M710 SSB Shakespeare 23ft antenna (2002)
- VHF antenna (spare) mounted on PilotHouse roof
- ICOM Handheld IC-M1v (2006), re-chargeable on 110V
- Standard Horizon Handheld HX350S replaceable battery powered
- Closed Circuit TV System: Black and white rear view vision
- Engine Room Video System: Three Magnavox colour cameras in Engine Room with images displayed as required on Samsung screen
- Portable Communications: 2 sets of radio headset systems
- Ships Bell: Chrome-plated brass bell in PilotHouse with mount also in cockpit
- Horn: Dual Trumpet Electric/Air (2002)
- Loud Hailer: Speaker in Cockpit operated from ICOM IC-M602 radio
- Navigation Lights: Port (2013) and Starboard (2017), forward mast head, stern, anchor
- Temperature and Humidity Measuring system: Digitech XC-0328 (2016) 8 channel wireless thermometer /hygrometer with main LCD screen in PilotHouse and additional sensors in cockpit and engine room.
Photo shows the amidships master cabin looking to port with walk around king size double berth
Here is the guest cabin looking to port
- Bilge Pumps 2 x Jabsco 36600-0000 (2004), 8gpm, 12V, wired directly to house bank. Self priming, manual or auto operation, both using Ultra Safety Systems sensors. Quick EBSN bilge depth sensor
- Edson Model 638 high capacity manual pump
- 120V Rule emergency portable pump
- Several hand pumps of various sizes and capacities
- Emergency Flares: Full complement of current dated red parachute, red hand and smoke canisters
- Life Jackets: 1 x Stearns belt-worn CO2 inflatable buoyancy vest; 1 x West Marine WM-38MH self-inflating; 2 x Marinepool (2013) CO2 self-inflatable; 1 x Stearns 429-06, Type 2, adult offshore, not inflatable; 3 x Safegyard Corp Model S225RT, adult offshore, not inflatable; 1 x Child lifejacket
- Whistles and strobe lights for several jackets
- Life Ring: Starboard forward bulkhead in front of PilotHouse
- Rescue Line 1 x crew rescue system mounted boat deck aft
- EPIRB McMurdo A5G 406 MHz transmitter and 121.5 MHz SAR
- homing frequency. With built-in GPS. To be replaced with new prior sale
- Abandon Ship Ditch-bag Bag with all necessary items
- First Aid Kit: Comprehensive kit includes medicines, antibiotics, digital BP and pulse monitor
- Binoculars: Fujinon 7×50 7d, Nikon 7×50 7.2d CFWP, Nikon Action 8×40 8.2d. Plus 1 pair in ditch bag
- Emergency tiller: Stainless steel, stored in Lazarette rack
- Seabrake drogue: In anchor locker
- Towing Line: In anchor locker
- Fixed Extinguisher: Sea-Fire Model 100CG, 10lbs Halon 1301, DOT39 NRC500/720 M106, Model 100CG. Mounted port side of engine room
- Portable Extinguishers: Saloon – Anaf PS2Y ABC RINA 2kg, powder. Modiak 2kg ABC powder, master cabin – Mobiak 2kg ABC85, guest cabin – Mobiak 2kg ABC85, PilotHouse – 2 x Anaf PS2Y ABC RINA 2kg powder, Anaf PS6-F ABC 6 kg, powder
- Auxiliary Fire Pumps: Salt water wash down on foredeck, Fresh water hose in Cockpit
- Fire Blanket: Galley
- Smoke Detector/Alarms: I – Engine Room, 1 – PilotHouse, 1 – Guest Cabin, 1 – top of stairs to master cabin. All powered by 9V batteries
- Guest Cabin: Sharp flat screen (2003), DVD player
- Saloon Home Theatre: Sharp AM/FM/CD/DVD 110V player surround sound home theatre with 5 speakers, amplifier, subwoofer and remote control (2004). Sony DVD DVP-SR 750H (2011) with
- LG Flatron E2360V-PN flat screen (2011)
- Stereos: PilotHouse: Pioneer Sat ready/MP3/CD stereo (2006) with iPod adaptor, remote control and two speakers
- Master Cabin: wiring and 2 speakers only for Pioneer unit
- Guest Cabin: Pioneer CD/AM/FM tuner with 2 speakers (2004)
The galley is port side forward of the saloon. Note microwave, stove, garbage compactor. The refrigerator is to the right
The large and efficient AC-powered refrigerator is on the starboard side of the galley
- Stove: Force 10 Gormet 63351 (2002) 3-burner stove with oven and broiler, auto lighting
- LPG Tanks 4 x replaceable lpg bottles suitable for Greece and Italy. Bottles typically last 45-60 days
- LPG Tank Location: Vented locker on port side of PilotHouse. One spare in vented locker, two stored in protective bags on boat deck
- Stove Lines and Regulator: Approved type with overfill protection valves
- Shut-Off for Stove: In galley, main breaker panel on lpg bottles
- Vent Blower: Above stove
- Microwave: Whirlpool MT1071SGBO, 120V, 60Hz
- Refrigeration: Rich Beers custom 120V cold plate refrigerator and freezer
- Sink: Double stainless steel
- Garbage Disposal: ISE Badger (2006) Insinkerator, Marine Appliances Model EX1055 Compactor, 2200W.
- Kettle: One for gas plus Blue Line Listesi WK8261, 220V, 2200W for shorepower
- Toaster: One for gas plus 110V pop-up (2012)
- Scuba and Snorkel Gear: Complete set of Scuba gear including 2 air tanks, large selection of masks, snorkels, fins etc
- Fishing Equipment: 2 x rods and complete set of tackle
- Fresh Water Supply: Capacity 920L. There are 3 freshwater tanks any one of which can be accessed using a 12V Shurflo 2088-414-934 pump (spare pump wired and plumbed in situ) or an auxiliary foot pump. System includes Jabsco1L accumulator Model 30573-0000 and dual filtration.
- A Sensus 62015C volumetric meter (2014) measures water consumed
- Heads: Master – Raritan Atlantes A5F12 can discharge into holding tank or directly overboard. Guest – Sealand Vacuuflush Model 1006 discharges into own holding tank
- Air Vents: There are two air vents on the foredeck, the port one providing air to the master cabin and the starboard one to the guest cabin
- Solar Air Vents: There are two solar air vents located in the saloon, two in the PilotHouse and one in guest head
- Washing Machine / Dryer: Splendide 2000 Model WD802M
- Vacuum Cleaners: 110V house unit and 12 V Shopvac unit
- Bathroom scales: Felix Onore (2010)
- BBQ: Custom-built stainless steel (2010), cockpit mounted with Stamoid cover utilising same LPG tanks as Stove
- Scanner / Copier: Canon Canoscan LiDE 30
- Label Maker: Brother Model PT-65
- Dehumidifyer: Philco PDH-520HB (2013) 320W, free standing with Stamoid storage cover
- Safe: Hidden, combination locked
- Flags: Comprehensive set of country flags including Q, Turkey, Greece, Italy, Montenegro, Albania, Croatia, New Zealand
- Chairs: 2 x cockpit plastic chairs, 1 x cockpit small folding table, 4 x folding deck chairs
- Passarelle: Custom made with remote control for operation from boom winch
- Mosquito proofing: Custom screens on PilotHouse doors, both doors to master cabin (2014) and six saloon windows (2014)
- Shopping Trolley: 1 (2014)
- Heavy duty trolley: 1 collapsible
- Fender Boards: 1 large plank which can also be used as gang plank plus 2 smaller boards
- Fenders: 2 x large round Hercules, 2 x very long, 1 x “fat boy”, 7 x regular shape large. All with covers. Several smaller fenders for RHIBs
- Fender tyres: 4 x car tyres set up for immediate use as fenders for tough conditions
- Tools: Extensive selection of power and hand tools mostly listed in Inventory Manual
- Spare Parts: Extensive selection listed in Inventory Manual
- Chandlery: Extensive selection of most imaginable items
- Canvas covers for Nautica tender, cockpit sun awning, boat deck winch, boom winches, engine room vents and vents in smokestack. Full waterproof cover for deck and topsides custom designed and built in 2008 using Wolmix pvc coated polyester
- Sun shade covers for PilotHouse windshield and saloon windows
- 4 x custom made Stomoid large volume deck storage bags (in addition to four fixed waterproof GRP storage boxes)
Much is written about different anchors and their supposed advantages but provided your vessel has a recognised mainstream type of anchor your security will be determined more by your anchoring technique including the weight of chain you have on the seabed.
We rarely go into harbours or marinas as it’s too expensive when living aboard
Envoy in superb Zaklopalica, Croatia
Secure at anchor in Croatia’s Loviste
In an unexpected storm a serene anchorage can quickly become problematic
An ideal sheltered bay to weather a blow
This is the same bay during a storm with gusts to 50 knots
Heavy towering clouds like this indicate storms
The recent tragic loss of British Volvo Ocean Race competitor John Fisher should have reminded all cruisers of the dangers involved in falling overboard and here are some thoughts on dealing with these situations based on my experiences over many years both as a cruiser and as a Coastguard skipper, crew member and search and rescue controller.
Man overboard situations can range from the hilarious, when friends fall overboard in anchorages with no harm done except to their pride, to the horribly tragic where the victim doesn’t survive.
In some of the latter situations it has been the skipper going over and the crew left aboard not having the knowledge to turn their vessel around and conduct a search, particularly in the case of sailing vessels.
Even some cases of people falling overboard in marinas or at anchor have ended tragically either as a result of injury causing the victim to drown, or the inability of the victim to haul himself/herself out of the water, or the inability of those aboard to haul the victim out of the water. In these cases exposure and hypothermia are often the cause of death.
I’m sure we’re all guilty of this at times – it’s a beautiful day and our friends arrive on board with fun foremost in mind. We tell them how to use the heads but that vital safety briefing about life jackets, fire extinguishers, first aid kits and man overboard drill is forgotten.
Even some professionals overlook this; I’ve been out on a weekend commercial fishing charter and noticed there was no safety briefing of any kind. In reality this may not be too much of a problem provided that the skipper’s there to take charge of an emergency, but who’s going to take charge and handle a situation where the skipper is the victim?
So during a safety briefing it’s essential to cover the basics of responding to a man overboard situation.
This starts with prevention and no crew member should venture onto the foredeck, side decks or boarding platform while the vessel is under way without the skipper’s prior knowledge and then he/she should be under constant observation and wearing a lifejacket or personal flotation device (PFD) equipped with light, whistle and personal locator beacon (PLB).
Anyone observing someone falling in should immediately shout loudly “man overboard”, make sure they’ve been heard and continue to keep their eyes on the victim as well as pointing to him/her because if the observer is distracted it may prove difficult to re-establish visual contact.
Somebody must throw a life ring or some other flotation device such as a large fender into the water serving not only to potentially support the victim in the water but to mark his/her approximate position. This should be done even if the victim can’t be seen as it will mark one limit of the search area.
The briefing also needs to appoint someone to take charge of the vessel should it be the skipper who goes overboard and then to make sure that person knows how to respond in terms of controlling the vessel and managing the situation.
Managing a man overboard situation
You can divide these emergencies into two categories, that is where you can and can’t see the victim.
1. You can see the victim:
The more competent people you have aboard the easier it is to manage this and provided that it’s a crew member overboard (not the skipper) and that visual contact is maintained a speedy resolution is likely.
Unless it’s completely obvious the victim will be safely recovered within a very few minutes a distress call (Mayday) should be made on VHF radio’s international distress frequency channel 16, particularly if there are other circumstances like rough conditions, cold water or the victim may need medical attention. There’s no doubt it’s always a much better decision to transmit a distress call sooner than may be needed and cancel it after a successful resolution than to wish you had made it when the situation starts to go horribly wrong. Ideally you then need a crew member to handle the radio traffic since the responding coast station and responding vessels will divert your attention from the immediate task of picking up the victim. Many coast stations seem to have a system that requires answers to lots of questions, many of which seem irrelevent and time wasting at this crucial point when every minute counts.
If other crew members are available they could be directed to eyeball the victim, prepare a flotation device with a line attached for use in recovering the victim and a fit person could don a PFD and be ready to enter the water if the victim needs assistance (which is often the case).
It is normal to approach the victim from leeward so that the vessel isn’t driven by wind and waves over the victim and when recovering the victim make sure there is no risk of injury from the vessel’s propeller(s).
2.You can’t see the victim
This is always an extremely serious situation and you should immediately record your lat/long, activate the MOB button on your chart plotter and make a VHF radio distress call.
The complexity of the ensuing search depends on whether it’s day or night time, weather conditions. general visibility, sea state and current, tidal flow, whether the victim was wearing a lifejacket or PFD with light and/or personal locator beacon (PLB), elapsed time since last sighting, whether a constant course has been kept since then and your distance from assisting resources such as dedicated rescue craft and helicopters. These resources generally carry search aids such as night vision binoculars, powerful spotlights and thermal detection equipment, greatly increasing the chances of finding a victim.
Rescue helicopters can also drop flotation devices to the victim, put a rescue swimmer in the water, lift the victim from the water, provide paramedic assistance and transport the victim quickly to hospital.
Once a coast radio station has responded to your distress call they will take responsibility for organising the search or pass this responsibility to another competent authority, for example Police, Coastguard or a Rescue Coordination Centre (in New Zealand this is RCCNZ). This task is much better accomplished by such an organisation using a stable platform with all the information resources on hand and experience in managing such situations.
Using the facts you provide they will then establish an area of probability and direct both your own and other responding vessels on how to conduct the search. This takes time and depending on your location it will also take time for responding resources (pleasure craft, commercial craft, rescue vessels, helicopters etc) to reach you.
While waiting it would be a good idea to organise your available crew as for the first example and proceed slowly (e.g. about 5 knots) to search on a reciprocal course, for example if you were cruising to the west on a course of 270d, now proceed to the east on a course of 90d. If conditions allow you may be able to listen for your victim calling out for help.
More than likely you have a GPS plotter which will be displaying your original course line.
Now follow that exact course back. Depending on your own knowledge you may decide to adjust this course for tide and current. In any case ensure you keep a record of the area searched.
If the victim has a PLB remember that its lat/long is transmitted to the rescue authority (in New Zealand RCCNZ), not to you and they will direct the nearest resource to that position.
Remember that victims can survive a surprisingly long time in the water so keep searching and don’t give up hope.
Look for a further posting in about 10 days.
Envoy’s master bedroom – we don’t just camp on the sea but live rather well aboard
A live-aboard vessel often cruises beyond the easy reach of regular service and spare parts providers and bearing in mind the boating adage that everything that can go wrong will eventually go wrong she needs to be engineered for maximum reliability with redundancy of systems and a well-planned inventory of chandlery, tools, key spare parts as well as an operation manual and documentation covering equipment carried aboard. Even if (like me) you’re not an engineer, you can generally get assistance with problems if you have the necessary tools, parts and information.
Envoy’s pilothouse has all the manuals needed to run and maintain the vessel
Most diesel engine problems are fuel-related so this is an area to pay particular attention. Boats have a primary (before engine) fuel filter, and a secondary (on engine) filter. You can enhance this by having a system for filtering (or “polishing”) fuel into one tank (often known as a “day tank”) which will then supply the primary filter(s) and run the engine(s). This tank is kept reasonably full from the storage tanks using the polishing system and also accepts the filtered return fuel from the engine(s).
Envoy for example has a Racor-based polishing system which filters about 10 litres/minute through a 2 micron cartridge and in 10 years of ownership we’ve not encountered any kind of fuel contamination.
Large capacity dual primary filters able to be interchanged under way and fitted with a vacuum gauge and moisture detector will also help minimise problems.
Fuel tanks should have generous-sized removable inspection ports to allow periodic cleaning if required.
Envoy’s fuel manifold controls diesel filtration ensuring a clean fuel supply
A generator is desirable so that power is available when anchored for long periods.
The house battery bank should be deep cycle with sufficient amp hour capacity for the equipment carried. The start bank should not be deep cycle and dedicated to starting the engines. Both banks should have isolating switches and the banks should be connectable using a parallel switch in case of low voltage in the start bank.
All circuits should be protected using circuit breakers. Having an electrical circuit diagram is a big advantage.
Other desirable equipment is a high capacity engine alternator with a “smart” regulating system, a battery charger able to operate from both generator and shorepower and an inverter to produce AC from the house bank.
Envoy’s 150 amp Balmar alternator
To anchor in remote areas, sometimes in adverse weather it’s essential to have a main anchor, spare anchors, all-chain rode and windlass appropriate to the size of vessel with a minimum of 100 metres of chain. Do not compromise in this area.
Water and sewage
Potable water is often not readily available overseas so ample fresh water storage is required, preferably in more than one tank. Sewage holding tanks are essential and it’s a good idea to have a diverting valve on your head which can either discharge sewage directly into the sea when well offshore, or into the holding tank when close to shore.
A stove with at least three burners is desirable together with a medium sized oven. We prefer lpg to electric so that we don’t need to run a generator to use the stove. Diane says our microwave is nice to have, but not necessary.
Envoy’s stove and oven
An effective high storage capacity refrigerator and freezer is essential – you’ve got to keep the beer cold! I don’t advocate refrigeration powered solely from the house battery as refrigeration generally causes by far the largest current draw and these systems are always chasing battery charge. Our system uses AC from the generator.
Stabilisers are highly desirable for a displacement monohull vessel and we recommend as a minimum having paravane (passive) stabilisers. Although these are not pretty they are very robust and reliable and with this system you can also use flopper-stoppers to reduce roll when anchored. Hydraulic (active) stabilisers are more effective, but expensive to maintain and prone to occasional failure while most hydraulic systems don’t help at anchor. Envoy has both of these systems.
Gyro systems are also highly effective, but less common and generally found on larger vessels.
Of course you must ensure the vessel has, or will be equipped with all obvious safety equipment including an approved self-inflating liferaft if venturing offshore.
Many live-aboard vessels have large heavy tenders, which are only able to be launched or retrieved in calm conditions using a boom winch or a hoist. Our 3.7m RHIB with 25hp outboard is excellent, but we also value our much lighter 2.7m RHIB with a 2.3hp outboard, able to be launched by hand. Remember that for most coastal cruising vessels the tender is the liferaft so should be well-equipped and easily launched.
Your tender generally doubles as liferaft in coastal cruising – we carry two
Air conditioning and heating
Although Envoy has reverse cycle air conditioning we rarely use it as to work effectively all doors, windows and portholes need to be closed and the engine or generator needs to be running. Heating options need to be considered if wintering afloat in cold conditions.
It’s so inconvenient and expensive to get laundry done when cruising that we regard a washing machine as essential. It will soon pay for itself in saved laundry costs and remember that the first mate has to be happy too!
Surveying your vessel and final negotiations
Unless you are a boat builder or similarly qualified it’s essential to engage a qualified surveyor (who acts for and is paid by the buyer). This applies to all pre-owned vessels, but should also be considered for new vessels as these are not immune from poor practice. Surveyors not only have considerable technical expertise, but follow a logical documented process for a thorough examination of the vessel and are totally objective whereas the excited buyer might overlook or downplay some negative issues. A recent survey is also helpful when insuring your vessel.
Now enjoy your vessel
Before heading to sea for the first time spend a few days thoroughly familiarising yourselves with your vessel. Know where all equipment is stowed, how it works, where the different seacocks are etc.
Happy guitar playing skipper with his six metre live-aboard
However the majority of live-aboards are found on sailing yachts or catamarans, mostly up to about 14 metres.
Should I buy new or pre-owned?
Some owners prefer taking delivery of a brand new vessel for the pleasure of specifying a vessel suited exactly to their requirements; having a choice of engineering, layout, equipment brands and furnishings; having a manufacturer’s warranty and benefiting from lower maintenance costs.
However people purchasing new in expectation of having no problems are often disappointed as many new boats seem to need quite a few miles cruising and some months to resolve initial teething issues. How well such issues are eventually resolved depends on the commitment of the manufacturer and to some extent how far you are away from their home base.
Other buyers prefer to purchase a pre-owned vessel for the benefits of immediate availability (there is generally a wait for new vessels), lower investment cost, lower initial depreciation cost and the fact that she’s tried and tested with more equipment, spare parts, tools, chandlery, bedding, galley utensils etc included in the price.
Should I buy direct or use a broker?
The majority of pre-owned boats are listed with brokers. An experienced broker can provide valuable assistance in finding the ideal boat for your circumstances and negotiating a deal with the seller. The seller pays the broker’s commission so there’s no disadvantage for the buyer.
If you are not using a reputable broker be very cautious about paying money without robust safeguards in place as buyers have been known to transfer significant sums to scammers posing as vendors.
In a week we’ll publish the last part of this article dealing with equipment desirable for cruising.
How long will you be away each year– the vast majority of cruisers (power and sail) see little point in sitting out the whole of their cruising region’s winter in a marina, particularly after doing it once, so they mostly return home to see their families and friends.An exception to this is that many European cruisers prefer the kinder winter weather in a location like the Med to that in their own country.
It’s great fun to be in a harbour or marina but we choose not to spend the whole winter there
How many years will you cruise for– the short answer is as long as you are enjoying it and health, funds and other circumstances permit. About five years would be typical and we’ve rarely met cruisers who’ve lived aboard for more than ten.
Dependent family – most of the cruising community are in the age group mid-50s to mid-70s without school-age children and cruisers living aboard with children are rare. When we started cruising we each had an elderly parent who accepted we were living our lives to the full, appreciated our weekly phone call and enjoyed our home visits.
Family and Friends – ofcourse you miss your family and close friends, but some may be able to visit you and share in your cruising experience. Otherwise being able to see them for at least one period of a few months during the year keeps these relationships intact.
Your family and friends can visit to share your adventures
Work – most cruisers we meet are semi or completely retired. Some do consulting work remotely or are able to find some casual work if they choose to. A fewer number of younger cruisers take time out from the work force intending to rejoin it later.
Your home – some cruisers elect to sell their house to provide funds for cruising while most others rent it out, get house sitters or leave it vacant.
Compatibility and confidence – some people may speculate you won’t get on well together as a couple spending so much time in the confines of a boat. Only you will know if this is correct or not and we probably all know people where this lifestyle would be doomed to failure. Allied to this issue is one partner having a lack of confidence in the other’s ability. If you’re passionate you’re half way there and your confidence will grow through sharing experiences together.
Health – a reasonable but not perfect standard of general health and fitness is required for the live-aboard life reinforcing the case for starting the cruising life sooner than later. Travel insurance is essential as medical treatment can be extremely expensive overseas.
Pets – Overseas regulations concerning transportation and quarantine of pets are less strict than in New Zealand or Australia and some cruisers take their pets along. Similarly there are fewer restrictions on pets on beaches and in restaurants and cafes. Diane and I always had a dog or cat at home and loved them dearly, but prefer to avoid the hassles of having a pet aboard a boat.
Comfort aboard – this will of course vary by vessel. When yachtsmen come aboard Envoy they are amazed at the living space available compared to sailing vessels of the same length. We don’t get wet, cold or wind-blown and with our stabilisers Envoy’s motion is rarely lively enough to spill a coffee.
Unfortunately circumstances prevent us returning to cruise in the Med this year.
Plan your dreams now – Envoy moored by Bodrum’s castle, Turkey
When I turned 50 I expected to have about 20 good summers left, meaning that barring major illnesses or accidents I expected to enjoy our cruising passion until I was about 70 years old.
The main issue which could prevent this is health. Whatever the upper age limit may be one thing’s for sure – you certainly don’t meet many cruisers in their 80s.
Envoy on the hard stand at Maramaris, Turkey
Something you wouldn’t see while boating in New Zealand
Experience levels – everyone starts somewhere so take small steps first and learn from your mistakes. Coastguard and the Royal Yachting Association run excellent courses to gain practical and theoretical skills and as most countries require some evidence of proficiency when clearing-in it’s a good idea to gain some certifications.
Mechanical ability – it isn’t the big things that fail and you will learn to deal with handling the smaller problems. Most countries have competent mechanical assistance available. Carry a comprehensive range of tools, spare parts, equipment manuals and chandlery aboard.
Most technical issues can be easily resolved – in Marmaris we had the stabiliser through-hull seals replaced
Handling rough seas – becomes easier with practice and although this is a concern for many one study reports 80 per cent of the time wave heights are less than 3.7m explaining how many cruisers travel thousands of ocean miles over many years rarely if ever encountering dangerous seas.
Navigation – is not difficult with today’s electronic equipment. Sextants are long gone and this is an area where courses will greatly assist.
Seasickness – many cruisers start off getting seasick but wean themselves out of it and medications can assist.
Weather and tides – there is ample reliable information for coastal cruising while offshore cruisers often pay for professional forecasting. The internet hugely improves forecast availability. There is negligible tide in the Med.
Manoeuvring and docking – practice makes perfect, but don’t worry about minor scratches on your gelcoat – they won’t ruin a great experience. A bow thruster will greatly assist docking.
Another concern is piracy off the north-east coast of Africa making it dangerous to traverse these waters. Circumnavigators who include the Med in their route mostly ship their boats across the Indian Ocean. Piracy is not a major issue in other waters and the website www.noonsite.comprovides regular updates.